Die Präfektur Iraklio (griechisch Νομός Ηρακλείου, Nomós Iraklíou) war von 1915 bis 2010 eine der vier Präfekturen der griechischen Insel und Verwaltungsregion Kreta mit dem Verwaltungssitz Iraklio. Mit der griechischen Verwaltungsreform 2010 wurde die Präfektur abgeschafft, die Kompetenzen wurden auf die Region und die zahlenmäßig stark verringerten Gemeinden aufgeteilt. Seither existiert das Gebiet als Regionalbezirk Iraklio (gr. Periferiaki Enotita Irakliou) weiter fort, der 25 Abgeordnete in den kretischen Regionalrat entsendet, darüber hinaus jedoch keine politische Bedeutung hat.
Präfekturen Kretas und ihre Verwaltungssitze
Topographisch umfasst das Gebiet der Präfektur das Gebiet zwischen dem Psiloritis-Massiv im Westen und dem Dikti-Gebirge im Osten. Einen großen Teil nimmt die vor der Südküste gelegene Messara-Ebene ein, die größte zusammenhängende landwirtschaftlich genutzte Landschaft Kretas.
Die bevölkerungsreichste Präfektur hat auch den größten Seehafen und den wichtigsten internationalen Flughafen der Region. Beide befinden sich in der Stadt Iraklio an der Nordküste.
Mini guide to Heraklion
The capital of Crete has long been the cultural, economic and political center of the island. Home to ancient monuments and modern amenities, this city is the gateway to historic Crete.
The magnificent fortress, Koules, stands sentinel over the port. This castle has been used for centuries as protection for the harbor and as a prison. Now it is open to the public for tours. It contains artifacts and weapons from the past as well as dark hallways and cells that used to incarcerate the city’s prisoners.
The city also contains a pre-classical palace, the Knossos, which housed the rulers of Heraklion as they slowly conquered the island’s other cities in ancient times. In the center of the city is the excellent Archaeological Museum of Crete, which displays artifacts from Minoan, classical, Hellenistic and Roman times.
In Heraklion there are many options for entertainment and relaxation. In the city’s tavernas and restaurants can be found the local spirit raki as well as Cretian and international cuisine. For sunbathers there are several lovely beaches near the city.
Heraklion is also an excellent base for exploring Crete. By car hire in Crete it is easy to make day trips all over the island and still be back in the city for by nightfall. The eastern village of Zakros houses a historic palace as well as an interesting archaeological site situated on a beautiful beach.
This city can be reached by daily flights from Athens as well as several other cities around the Mediterranean. Package deals from many European cities are also numerous in the summer.
The city of Heraklion is surounded from many tourist resorts , beautiful places for relaxing and swimming . Thalassotherapy centres and swimming pools , as well as mini football grounds , are modern ways of young people entertainment . Hotels and apartments in the city of Heraklion , useful information about the culture and archaeological places.
athenscars in Crete is managing to promote the most beautiful directions to drive , as well as the archaeological remains on Crete .
Crete is a large and incredibly diverse island where pretty harbour towns like Aghios Nikolaos give way to rolling hills covered with thousands of olive trees. There are mountains here too and, amazingly, they are even capped with snow!
For many, Crete is famous as the home of the Minoan's, the ancient civilisation thought to have constructed the elaborate palace at Knossos, excavated by Aurthur Evans at the turn of the 20th century. In Greek mythology this is the birthplace of Zeus who, in the form of a white bull, is said to have abducted Europa and taken her back to Crete as his queen. Legend has it that Europi-Europa gave Zeus three sons, one whom, Minnos, gives his name to the centuries old civilization.
You'll see both the Palace of Knossos - where, deep in the labyrinth, Theseus fought the Minotaur – as well as the mysterious Dikti Cave, legendary birthplace of Zeus. Elsewhere Crete is all about lovely beaches, welcoming tavernas and wonderful countryside. Searching for Crete tours, Crete coach holidays & escorted touring holidays of Crete.offers exceptional coach tours across Crete for 2006 ...Crete's best beaches, tours, hotels, restaurants, hiking paths, music, recipes, photos, pictures and personal pages in this guide about the real Crete.Holidays in Crete. Crete hotels and accommodation. Car and bike hire in Crete. Information on rates, reservations, hotel facilities, travel services.
The big, beautiful island of Crete, museums, ancient sites, places to go, and sightseeing. Knossos, Gortys, Iraklio, Elounda, many others.
Crete was the cradle of early Mediterranean civilisation and is a uniquely fascinating island. Crete is the largest of the Greek islands, 160 miles long and up to 38 miles wide. The land is infinitely varied - mountain ranges rise up to over 8,000 feet, Europe’s deepest gorge winds for twelve miles through rock walls at times 1,000 feet high. Countless empty beaches and a clear blue sea surround the island.